Book Image

PostgreSQL High Availability Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Shaun Thomas
Book Image

PostgreSQL High Availability Cookbook - Second Edition

By: Shaun Thomas

Overview of this book

Databases are nothing without the data they store. In the event of a failure - catastrophic or otherwise - immediate recovery is essential. By carefully combining multiple servers, it’s even possible to hide the fact a failure occurred at all. From hardware selection to software stacks and horizontal scalability, this book will help you build a versatile PostgreSQL cluster that will survive crashes, resist data corruption, and grow smoothly with customer demand. It all begins with hardware selection for the skeleton of an efficient PostgreSQL database cluster. Then it’s on to preventing downtime as well as troubleshooting some real life problems that administrators commonly face. Next, we add database monitoring to the stack, using collectd, Nagios, and Graphite. And no stack is complete without replication using multiple internal and external tools, including the newly released pglogical extension. Pacemaker or Raft consensus tools are the final piece to grant the cluster the ability to heal itself. We even round off by tackling the complex problem of data scalability. This book exploits many new features introduced in PostgreSQL 9.6 to make the database more efficient and adaptive, and most importantly, keep it running.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Title Page
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback

Performing a managed resource migration

Now that we have a working Pacemaker cluster-management system, we should put it to use. There are a lot of scenarios where we might need to manually change the active PostgreSQL node. Doing this with Pacemaker is much easier than the process we outlined in the previous chapter. That was a long process composed of several manual steps, each of which we would want to confirm in a perfect world.

With Pacemaker, we can change the active system by issuing a single command from any node in the cluster. There are some safeguards we'll also need to discuss and possibly a caveat or two to consider, but this will be our first use of Pacemaker as a piece of functional software. We've done a lot of work setting everything up!

Let's make Pacemaker do some work on our behalf for a change.

Getting ready

In order to migrate resources from one node to another, we need a fully functional Pacemaker cluster that manages all of our software layers. Make sure you've followed...