Book Image

PostgreSQL High Availability Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Shaun Thomas
Book Image

PostgreSQL High Availability Cookbook - Second Edition

By: Shaun Thomas

Overview of this book

Databases are nothing without the data they store. In the event of a failure - catastrophic or otherwise - immediate recovery is essential. By carefully combining multiple servers, it’s even possible to hide the fact a failure occurred at all. From hardware selection to software stacks and horizontal scalability, this book will help you build a versatile PostgreSQL cluster that will survive crashes, resist data corruption, and grow smoothly with customer demand. It all begins with hardware selection for the skeleton of an efficient PostgreSQL database cluster. Then it’s on to preventing downtime as well as troubleshooting some real life problems that administrators commonly face. Next, we add database monitoring to the stack, using collectd, Nagios, and Graphite. And no stack is complete without replication using multiple internal and external tools, including the newly released pglogical extension. Pacemaker or Raft consensus tools are the final piece to grant the cluster the ability to heal itself. We even round off by tackling the complex problem of data scalability. This book exploits many new features introduced in PostgreSQL 9.6 to make the database more efficient and adaptive, and most importantly, keep it running.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Title Page
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback

Configuration - getting it right the first time

An important aspect of setting up a highly-available database is starting with a stable configuration that will not require a lot of future modifications. Even settings that can be changed during database operation can drastically alter its performance profile and behavior. Other settings may require a full database restart, which can lead to a short outage, depending on how resilient the frontend application is.

We want to avoid introducing instability into our PostgreSQL database from the very beginning. To that end, we are going to explore common (and perhaps, uncommon) configuration options to use in a highly-available installation.

Getting ready

The PostgreSQL documentation describes all of the settings we will be discussing. We recommend that you visit the website and read the documentation regarding server configuration. There's probably too much to absorb before continuing with this section, but we recommend...