Book Image

PostgreSQL High Availability Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Shaun Thomas
Book Image

PostgreSQL High Availability Cookbook - Second Edition

By: Shaun Thomas

Overview of this book

Databases are nothing without the data they store. In the event of a failure - catastrophic or otherwise - immediate recovery is essential. By carefully combining multiple servers, it’s even possible to hide the fact a failure occurred at all. From hardware selection to software stacks and horizontal scalability, this book will help you build a versatile PostgreSQL cluster that will survive crashes, resist data corruption, and grow smoothly with customer demand. It all begins with hardware selection for the skeleton of an efficient PostgreSQL database cluster. Then it’s on to preventing downtime as well as troubleshooting some real life problems that administrators commonly face. Next, we add database monitoring to the stack, using collectd, Nagios, and Graphite. And no stack is complete without replication using multiple internal and external tools, including the newly released pglogical extension. Pacemaker or Raft consensus tools are the final piece to grant the cluster the ability to heal itself. We even round off by tackling the complex problem of data scalability. This book exploits many new features introduced in PostgreSQL 9.6 to make the database more efficient and adaptive, and most importantly, keep it running.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Title Page
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback

Getting to know check_postgres

Our friends at Bucardo created a useful, general-purpose PostgreSQL checking utility. The check_postgres tool currently has an inventory of more than 50 checks to monitor PostgreSQL servers.

While this is an exceptionally useful tool, integrating it into our overall stack is necessary to fully take advantage of its capabilities. This recipe will cover the basic usage and integration with Nagios for easy PostgreSQL monitoring of large database clusters.

Getting ready

Though some Linux distributions package the check_postgres utility for easy installation, the versions that are included are usually very old. We recommend that you obtain a copy of the latest check_postgres source code. At the time of writing this book, the latest version is 2.22.0, released on June 30, 2015. Obtain the latest copy of the check_postgres source code from this URL:

As we want to use Nagios to execute the check_postgres, please follow the steps...