Book Image

PostgreSQL High Availability Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Shaun Thomas
Book Image

PostgreSQL High Availability Cookbook - Second Edition

By: Shaun Thomas

Overview of this book

Databases are nothing without the data they store. In the event of a failure - catastrophic or otherwise - immediate recovery is essential. By carefully combining multiple servers, it’s even possible to hide the fact a failure occurred at all. From hardware selection to software stacks and horizontal scalability, this book will help you build a versatile PostgreSQL cluster that will survive crashes, resist data corruption, and grow smoothly with customer demand. It all begins with hardware selection for the skeleton of an efficient PostgreSQL database cluster. Then it’s on to preventing downtime as well as troubleshooting some real life problems that administrators commonly face. Next, we add database monitoring to the stack, using collectd, Nagios, and Graphite. And no stack is complete without replication using multiple internal and external tools, including the newly released pglogical extension. Pacemaker or Raft consensus tools are the final piece to grant the cluster the ability to heal itself. We even round off by tackling the complex problem of data scalability. This book exploits many new features introduced in PostgreSQL 9.6 to make the database more efficient and adaptive, and most importantly, keep it running.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Title Page
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback

Setting up a foreign PostgreSQL server

The first requirement of data federation is the ability to connect to remote databases. With this capability, we can read or write to a remote PostgreSQL database table as if it were local. By doing so, certain query elements can be offloaded to the other server. We can also access metadata that is stored in some central location that acts as a shared resource for all database servers.

This recipe will describe how to create a foreign PostgreSQL server and will be the basis for several upcoming segments.

Getting ready

Before we can use the PostgreSQL foreign data wrapper functionality, we need to add the postgres_fdw extension to the database that will use it. Execute this SQL statement as the postgres user in the database that will be contacting foreign servers (pgbench, for example):

CREATE EXTENSION postgres_fdw;

How to do it...

For this recipe, we have two servers: pg-primary as our main data source and pg-report as a reporting server. As with the previous...