Book Image

C# 12 and .NET 8 – Modern Cross-Platform Development Fundamentals - Eighth Edition

By : Mark J. Price
4.6 (14)
Book Image

C# 12 and .NET 8 – Modern Cross-Platform Development Fundamentals - Eighth Edition

4.6 (14)
By: Mark J. Price

Overview of this book

This latest edition of the bestselling Packt series will give you a solid foundation to start building projects using modern C# and .NET with confidence. You'll learn about object-oriented programming; writing, testing, and debugging functions; and implementing interfaces. You'll take on .NET APIs for managing and querying data, working with the fi lesystem, and serialization. As you progress, you'll explore examples of cross-platform projects you can build and deploy, such as websites and services using ASP.NET Core. This latest edition integrates .NET 8 enhancements into its examples: type aliasing and primary constructors for concise and expressive code. You'll handle errors robustly through the new built-in guard clauses and explore a simplified implementation of caching in ASP.NET Core 8. If that's not enough, you'll also see how native ahead-of-time (AOT) compiler publish lets web services reduce memory use and run faster. You'll work with the seamless new HTTP editor in Visual Studio 2022 to enhance the testing and debugging process. You'll even get introduced to Blazor Full Stack with its new unified hosting model for unparalleled web development flexibility.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
17
Index

Managing memory with reference and value types

I mentioned reference types a couple of times. Let’s look at them in more detail.

Understanding stack and heap memory

There are two categories of memory: stack memory and heap memory. With modern operating systems, the stack and heap can be anywhere in physical or virtual memory.

Stack memory is faster to work with but limited in size. It is fast because it is managed directly by the CPU and it uses a last-in, first-out mechanism, so it is more likely to have data in its L1 or L2 cache. Heap memory is slower but much more plentiful.

On Windows, for ARM64, x86, and x64 machines, the default stack size is 1 MB. It is 8 MB on a typical modern Linux-based operating system. For example, in a macOS or Linux terminal, I can enter the command ulimit -a to discover that the stack size is limited to 8,192 KB and that other memory is “unlimited.” This limited amount of stack memory is why it is so easy to fill...