Book Image

Rust Web Programming - Second Edition

By : Maxwell Flitton
Book Image

Rust Web Programming - Second Edition

By: Maxwell Flitton

Overview of this book

Are safety and high performance a big concern for you while developing web applications? With this practical Rust book, you’ll discover how you can implement Rust on the web to achieve the desired performance and security as you learn techniques and tooling to build fully operational web apps. In this second edition, you’ll get hands-on with implementing emerging Rust web frameworks, including Actix, Rocket, and Hyper. It also features HTTPS configuration on AWS when deploying a web application and introduces you to Terraform for automating the building of web infrastructure on AWS. What’s more, this edition also covers advanced async topics. Built on the Tokio async runtime, this explores TCP and framing, implementing async systems with the actor framework, and queuing tasks on Redis to be consumed by a number of worker nodes. Finally, you’ll go over best practices for packaging Rust servers in distroless Rust Docker images with database drivers, so your servers are a total size of 50Mb each. By the end of this book, you’ll have confidence in your skills to build robust, functional, and scalable web applications from scratch.
Table of Contents (27 chapters)
Free Chapter
Part 1:Getting Started with Rust Web Development
Part 2:Processing Data and Managing Displays
Part 3:Data Persistence
Part 4:Testing and Deployment
Part 5:Making Our Projects Flexible
Part 6:Exploring Protocol Programming and Async Concepts with Low-Level Network Applications

Using macros for JSON serialization  

When it comes to serializing data and returning it to the client, we can achieve this quickly with minimal code using the JSON from the Actix-web crate. We can demonstrate this by creating a GET view that returns all our to-do items in the views/to_do/ file:

use actix_web::{web, Responder};
use serde_json::value::Value;
use serde_json::Map;
use crate::state::read_file;
pub async fn get() -> impl Responder {
    let state: Map<String, Value> = read_file("./state.json");
    return web::Json(state);

Here, we can see that we are merely reading the JSON from the JSON file and then returning the values from this wrapped in the web::Json function. It might make sense to just return Map<String, Value> from the JSON file directly, as it is a String and Value. However, the type of Map<String, Value> does not implement the Responder trait. We could update the function...