Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Marius Bancila
Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By: Marius Bancila

Overview of this book

C++ has come a long way to be one of the most widely used general-purpose languages that is fast, efficient, and high-performance at its core. The updated second edition of Modern C++ Programming Cookbook addresses the latest features of C++20, such as modules, concepts, coroutines, and the many additions to the standard library, including ranges and text formatting. The book is organized in the form of practical recipes covering a wide range of problems faced by modern developers. The book also delves into the details of all the core concepts in modern C++ programming, such as functions and classes, iterators and algorithms, streams and the file system, threading and concurrency, smart pointers and move semantics, and many others. It goes into the performance aspects of programming in depth, teaching developers how to write fast and lean code with the help of best practices. Furthermore, the book explores useful patterns and delves into the implementation of many idioms, including pimpl, named parameter, and attorney-client, teaching techniques such as avoiding repetition with the factory pattern. There is also a chapter dedicated to unit testing, where you are introduced to three of the most widely used libraries for C++: Boost.Test, Google Test, and Catch2. By the end of the book, you will be able to effectively leverage the features and techniques of C++11/14/17/20 programming to enhance the performance, scalability, and efficiency of your applications.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
13
Bibliography
14
Other Books You May Enjoy
15
Index

Container access with non-member functions

Standard containers provide the begin() and end() member functions for retrieving iterators for the first and one-past-last elements of the container. There are actually four sets of these functions. Apart from begin()/end(), containers provide cbegin()/cend() to return constant iterators, rbegin()/rend() to return mutable reverse iterators, and crbegin()/crend() to return constant reverse iterators. In C++11/C++14, all these have non-member equivalents that work with standard containers, arrays, and any custom type that specializes them. In C++17, even more non-member functions have been added: std::data(), which returns a pointer to the block of memory containing the elements of the container; std::size(), which returns the size of a container or array; and std::empty(), which returns whether the given container is empty. These non-member functions are intended for generic code but can be used anywhere in your code. Moreover, in C++20,...