Book Image

Learning C# by Developing Games with Unity 2019. - Fourth Edition

By : Harrison Ferrone
Book Image

Learning C# by Developing Games with Unity 2019. - Fourth Edition

By: Harrison Ferrone

Overview of this book

Learning to program in today’s technical landscape can be a daunting task, especially when faced with the sheer number of languages you have to choose from. Luckily, Learning C# with Unity 2019 removes the guesswork and starts you off on the path to becoming a confident, and competent, programmer using game development with Unity. You’ll start off small by learning the building blocks of programming, from variables, methods, and conditional statements to classes and object-oriented systems. After you have the basics under your belt you’ll explore the Unity interface, creating C# scripts, and translating your newfound knowledge into simple game mechanics. Throughout this journey, you’ll get hands-on experience with programming best practices and macro-level topics such as manager classes and flexible application architecture. By the end of the book, you’ll be familiar with intermediate C# topics like generics, delegates, and events, setting you up to take on projects of your own.
Table of Contents (20 chapters)
Free Chapter
Section 1: Programming Foundations and C#
Section 2: Scripting Game Mechanics in Unity
Section 3: Leveling Up Your C# Code

Methods Redux

Methods have been a big part of our code since we learned how to use them in Chapter 3, Diving into Variables, Types, and Methods, but there are two intermediate use cases we haven't covered yet: method overloading and using the ref and out parameter keywords.

Overloading methods

The term method overloading refers to creating multiple methods with the same name but with different signatures. A method's signature is made up of its name and parameters, which is how the C# compiler recognizes it. Take the following method as an example:

public bool AttackEnemy(int damage) {} 

The method signature of AttackEnemy is written as:


Now that we know the signature of AttackEnemy, it can be overloaded by changing the number of parameters or the parameter types themselves, while still keeping its name. This offers added flexibility when you need more than one option for a given operation.