Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

By : Marius Bancila
5 (1)
Book Image

Modern C++ Programming Cookbook - Second Edition

5 (1)
By: Marius Bancila

Overview of this book

C++ has come a long way to be one of the most widely used general-purpose languages that is fast, efficient, and high-performance at its core. The updated second edition of Modern C++ Programming Cookbook addresses the latest features of C++20, such as modules, concepts, coroutines, and the many additions to the standard library, including ranges and text formatting. The book is organized in the form of practical recipes covering a wide range of problems faced by modern developers. The book also delves into the details of all the core concepts in modern C++ programming, such as functions and classes, iterators and algorithms, streams and the file system, threading and concurrency, smart pointers and move semantics, and many others. It goes into the performance aspects of programming in depth, teaching developers how to write fast and lean code with the help of best practices. Furthermore, the book explores useful patterns and delves into the implementation of many idioms, including pimpl, named parameter, and attorney-client, teaching techniques such as avoiding repetition with the factory pattern. There is also a chapter dedicated to unit testing, where you are introduced to three of the most widely used libraries for C++: Boost.Test, Google Test, and Catch2. By the end of the book, you will be able to effectively leverage the features and techniques of C++11/14/17/20 programming to enhance the performance, scalability, and efficiency of your applications.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
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Reading and writing objects from/to binary files

In the previous recipe, we learned how to write and read raw data (that is, unstructured data) to and from a file. Many times, however, we must persist and load objects instead. Writing and reading in the manner shown in the previous recipe works for POD types only. For anything else, we must explicitly decide what is actually written or read, since writing or reading pointers, virtual tables (vtables), and any sort of metadata is not only irrelevant but also semantically wrong. These operations are commonly referred to as serialization and deserialization. In this recipe, we will learn how to serialize and deserialize both POD and non-POD types to and from binary files.

Getting ready

For the examples in this recipe, we will use the foo and foopod classes, as follows:

class foo
  int i;
  char c;
  std::string s;
  foo(int const i = 0, char const c = 0, std::string const & s = {}):
    i(i), c(c), s(s...