Book Image

Learn C Programming

By : Jeff Szuhay
Book Image

Learn C Programming

By: Jeff Szuhay

Overview of this book

C is a powerful general-purpose programming language that is excellent for beginners to learn. This book will introduce you to computer programming and software development using C. If you're an experienced developer, this book will help you to become familiar with the C programming language. This C programming book takes you through basic programming concepts and shows you how to implement them in C. Throughout the book, you'll create and run programs that make use of one or more C concepts, such as program structure with functions, data types, and conditional statements. You'll also see how to use looping and iteration, arrays, pointers, and strings. As you make progress, you'll cover code documentation, testing and validation methods, basic input/output, and how to write complete programs in C. By the end of the book, you'll have developed basic programming skills in C, that you can apply to other programming languages and will develop a solid foundation for you to advance as a programmer.
Table of Contents (33 chapters)
Section 1: C Fundamentals
Section 2: Complex Data Types
Section 3: Memory Manipulation
Section 4: Input and Output
Section 5: Building Blocks for Larger Programs

Creating a file of unsorted names

Now that we have getoptFiles.c, we can use it as a starting point for our next sequential file program, createNames.c. This program will be used to create a file of names, one name on a line, that will later become an input to the sortNames.cprogram.

In createNames.c, we will repeatedly read in a single name and write it out. We can test the functionality of this program by using stdin and stdout as well as reading and writing files.

However, before we can go further, we need to consider the issue of dirty input data. We can assume that a name begins with alphanumeric characters and ends with alphanumeric characters; we will assume that anything in between is part of the name, however odd it may appear. What happens if the user enters whitespace either before or after the name? Or if there is whitespace both before and after the name? Recall also that while gets() ends its input scan with <newline> and does not preserve...