Book Image

Learn C Programming

By : Jeff Szuhay
Book Image

Learn C Programming

By: Jeff Szuhay

Overview of this book

C is a powerful general-purpose programming language that is excellent for beginners to learn. This book will introduce you to computer programming and software development using C. If you're an experienced developer, this book will help you to become familiar with the C programming language. This C programming book takes you through basic programming concepts and shows you how to implement them in C. Throughout the book, you'll create and run programs that make use of one or more C concepts, such as program structure with functions, data types, and conditional statements. You'll also see how to use looping and iteration, arrays, pointers, and strings. As you make progress, you'll cover code documentation, testing and validation methods, basic input/output, and how to write complete programs in C. By the end of the book, you'll have developed basic programming skills in C, that you can apply to other programming languages and will develop a solid foundation for you to advance as a programmer.
Table of Contents (33 chapters)
Section 1: C Fundamentals
Section 2: Complex Data Types
Section 3: Memory Manipulation
Section 4: Input and Output
Section 5: Building Blocks for Larger Programs

Exploring extent

The scope is also determined by the lifetime, orextent, of the variable. We explored the lifetime of variables and memory in Chapter 17, UnderstandingMemory Allocation and Lifetime. We revisit this topic here since it relates to the other components of scope: visibility and linkage.

The extent of a variable begins when a variable is created (memory is allocated for it) and ends when the variable is deallocated or destroyed. Within that extent, a variable is accessible and modifiable. Attempting to access or modify a variable outside of its extent will either raise a compiler error or may lead to unpredictable program behavior.

Internal variables have a somewhat limited extent, which begins within a block when the variable is declared and ends when the block ends. External variables are allocated when the program loads and exist until the program ends.

A variable's extent is also specified by a storage class, or how it is allocated...